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Fundacion Paramo: Qué son los Páramos?: Ecosistemas únicos de las altas montañas tropicales de los Andes de Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador y el Norte de Perú.
 
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Qué son los Páramos?

Ecosistemas únicos de las altas montañas tropicales de los Andes de Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador y el Norte de Perú, con una pequeña extensión en Costa Rica.  Y algunas regiones de África y Asia.   Tiene un alto valor ecológico y ambiental por los servicios que le ofrece al hombre para su bienestar.

En el Ecuador los páramos ocupan una extensión aproximada de 1’260.000 has, que corresponde al 5% de la extensión territorial.  Catorce de las 35 áreas protegidas del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas contienen éste ecosistema, además de una serie de áreas como bosques protectores y reservas privadas.

El clima típico presenta estacionalidad diaria es decir “invierno todas las noches y verano todos los días”, generalmente es frío con variaciones significativas en el día; el clima determina el tipo de vegetación caracterizada principalmente por frailejones, achupallas, arbustos, pajonales y almohadillas.  La fauna es relativamente escasa, encontrándose varias especies de anfibios (Ej.: rana marsupial), reptiles (Ej.: lagartijas) aves (Ej.: cóndor andino) y mamíferos (Ej.: oso de anteojos).

Desde hace miles de años, los páramos han sido habitados, esta población es dueña de ricas tradiciones culturales, pero muchas veces sus malas practicas de aprovechamiento han impactado negativamente al ecosistema.